Figure 1. Number of wineries operating by state - includes meaderies and cideries
State Wineries California 2,667 Washington 556 Oregon 475 New York 311 Virginia 241 Texas 234 Pennsylvania 203 Ohio 141 Missouri 134 Michigan 128
However, I don't think winecompass.com was the source that Ms. Shatzer used. She stated 5th largest wine producer and the best source for that data is the TTB's Statistical Report by State - Wine. (See Figure 2.) The data for 2012 reveals some mighty unexpected results. New York leaps out as the #2 overall wine producer - perhaps a legacy of Canandaigua Brands. (Is Manischewitz that popular?) In any case, besides New York overtaking Washington, the other surprises are the unlikely inclusion of Vermont, Kentucky, Florida, and New Jersey. The TTB data includes cider production which most likely accounts for Vermont's high stature as well as non-grape fruit wine (New Jersey) - but how that explains Kentucky and Florida - I have no idea. According to the TTB, Pennsylvania is the 6th largest wine producer with Virginia (16th) and Texas (11th) out of the top 10.
Figure 2. Top 10 Wine Production by State
State 2012 Production California 667,552,032 New York 26,404,066 Washington 24,506,226 Oregon 6,829,808 Vermont 4,205,258 Pennsylvania 3,589,603 Ohio 3,048,054 Kentucky 2,379,512 Florida 1,946,162 New Jersey 1,561,365
Top 10 Grape Production in Tons
Figure 3. Top 10 Grape Harvest Production
- New York
- North Carolina
Figure 4. Top 10 Grapes Processed for Wine (tons)
State 2010 Production 2012 Production California 3,589,000 3,700,000 Washington 160,000 185,000 Oregon 31,200 46,000 New York 48,000 40,000 Texas 8,100 7,200 Michigan 3,800 6,950 Virginia 6,450 6,700 Pennsylvania 10,300 6,200 Missouri 5,040 4,550 North Carolina 4,500 4,420
Like most statistical analysis, these results vary by year, by data source, by data inputs - so yes, it is complicated. According to the TTB's total wine production (including non-grape wine and cider) in 2012, Pennsylvania was ranked 6th overall with Virginia and Texas out of the top 10. Yet, restricting our analysis to just grape wine production, Pennsylvania falls to 8th, with Texas, Michigan, and Virginia rising above the Keystone state. What was more unexpected was the rise in Michigan's grape wine production almost doubling in two years. I wonder if the number of wineries doubled as well or this results from much larger yields?
In any case, the exact ranking of states probably only matters for bragging rights between government officials or winery associations. For consumers, it shows that there are plenty of local wine regions to explore. Cheers to that.